This week, we dive deeper into Goldman vs. JP Morgan Q1 earnings, the new Apple Card Family, and Affirm’s latest acquisition.
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Unemployment Drops to Pandemic Low; Biden Proposes $4 Tn+ in Spending
Unemployment claims once again dropped to a new pandemic low. It fell by 39,000 to 547,000 for the week ended April 17. Continuing claims for ongoing state benefits fell 34,000 to 3.67 MM.
President Biden wants to raise the economic speed limit through the $1.9 Tn American Rescue Plan and $2.25 Tn American Jobs Plan. These plans will try to lift long-run growth by ramping up spending on infrastructure such as better broadband coverage and improved transportation links. The increased growth would give the Fed more flexibility as it manages its unemployment and inflation targets.
Q1 Consumer Banking Performance: Goldman Sachs vs. JP Morgan
Last week Goldman and JP Morgan both announced Q1 results that exceeded analysts’ expectations. Goldman’s outperformance was driven by its investment banking and trading businesses. While JP Morgan’s outperformance was driven by a release of $5.2 billion of loan-loss reserves.
Goldman’s Consumer & Wealth Management ROE of 5.3% in Q1 (see slide below) is still much lower than JP Morgan’s comparable ROE of 54%. Goldman is growing its consumer focused Marcus and Apple Card products, but it still has a long way to go to generate JP Morgan’s numbers.
At the same time, Goldman’s credit card balances are growing quickly – doubled vs. last year (see slide below). But at $4 Bn, it is still small compared to any major card issuer. (JP Morgan credit card balances were $135 Bn).
Also, we would have expected a much larger portfolio of receivables given the wide distribution and customer acquisition channel that Apple brings to the table. It seems that the Goldman/Apple partnership is not producing as many loans as anticipated (e.g. Are the incentives to Apple aligned? Is Apple not marketing aggressively? Is Goldman’s underwriting black box too tight?, etc.). Both parties are attempting to grow through the new Apple Family Card sharing plan.
JP Morgan Delivers Stunning 50% ROE in Consumer Banking
JP Morgan generated record results in Consumer Banking, driven primarily by reserve release.
We were not surprised by JP Morgan’s record bank outperformance. Nearly a year ago, we noted “why is this time different?”
Our thesis that “Most banks simply do not have a large exposure/share to small business loans” has played out with the Q1 release of loan-loss reserves from JP Morgan and other banks.
For JP Morgan’s card business, 92% of the $3.8 Bn loan-loss reserves built in Q1 2020 was released in Q1 2021 (see slide below.)
Apple Card rolls out Family Card to Bolster Balances
Apple will soon allow customers to manage personal finances together, using Apple Card Family. The new offering allows two people to co-own an Apple Card, and merge their credit lines. The feature is not novel per se – LendingClub, for instance, offers joint application, as do many credit card issuers.
What is relatively novel is that Apple Card Family will also enable parents to set spending limits and controls on cards they share with their children.
Affirm Acquires Returnly for $300 MM
Affirm plans to expand its merchant offerings by acquiring digital return platform Returnly for $300 MM. Returnly simplifies the process of returns by instantly offering store credit, even before an item is returned to the merchant.
In the press release, Affirm CEO Max Levhin stated, “store credit, issued before the item is actually returned, is now a practical requirement in highly competitive segments like fashion and lifestyle.”
Affirm’s current market cap is $17.4 Bn. The company’s stock price increased 14% since the Returnly announcement and 51% since the company IPOed back in January 2021.
Bank Infrastructure Remains Hot: Mantle raised $40 MM in Series B Funding
MANTL, led by CEO Nathaniel Harley, raised $40 MM in series B funding, in a round led by Alphabet’s independent growth fund, CapitalG, with participation from D1 Capital Partners and BoxGroup. MANTL provides account opening solutions to community banks and credit unions.
We see MANTL as a competitor to publicly traded nCino and Q2. Both firms provide account opening (and other) solutions to banks and credit unions.
Similarly, PeerIQ provides consumer loan analytics solutions to some of the largest community banks and credit unions in the land. Get in touch if you want to learn more about the PeerIQ platform.
Clearbanc Secures $350 MM and Rebrands to Clearco
Revenue based financing is also hot. Why? It’s a form of non-dilutive financing for rapidly growing SAAS companies.
Clearbanc, led by CEO Andrew D’Souza, raised $350 MM in a funding round valuation of nearly $2 Bn. The funding was led by venture capital firm Oak HC/FT.
Clearbanc offers a “pay as you grow” model that allows e-commerce companies to raise funds from Clearbanc in exchange for a percentage of the subscription revenue of those companies.
As part of the latest round, Clearbanc sold $100 MM worth of new shares and raised the remaining amount as debt. The company, which has raised more than $170 MM in equity funding to date, also revealed that it would rebrand itself as Clearco.
Schwab Waiting for Regulatory Clarity, Then Pouncing on Crypto
Schwab is eyeing the dramatic growth of Coinbase’s IPO and wants part of the action.
Schwab says it needs regulatory clarity on crypto before any offerings. We noted at the time of CoinBase’s IPO that competition is coming – in the form of ETFs and also brokerage firms. Retuers reports that Charles Schwab is seeking regulatory clarity and intends to be a “player”.
In the News:
- S. Jobless Claims Fall to Pandemic Low as Economy Accelerates (Bloomberg, 4/22/2021) Unemployment claims once again fell to a new pandemic low, dropping by 39,000 to 547,000 for the week of April 17.
- Biden Bid to Raise Economic Speed Limit Gets Boost From Business (Bloomberg, 4/23/2021) President Biden wants to raise the economic speed limit through the $1.9 Tn American Rescue Plan and $2.25 Tn American Jobs Plan.
- Wall Street Banks Brace for Digital Dollars as the Next Big Disruptive Force (CNBC, 4/19/2021) Chief economist at Morgan Stanley said that 86% of the world’s central banks are exploring digital currencies.
- How Consumers Prioritized Debt Payments During the Pandemic (The Financial Brand, 4/19/2021) TransUnion data reveals that mortgages were paid first, not only because consumers needed a place to live, but a place to work.
- Looking to the Future: Healthcare is the Next Frontier for Buy Now, Pay Later (TearSheet, 4/20/2021) Experts believe that there are opportunities for BNPL to grow in the healthcare, service, and travel industries.
- Low-Code Specialist FintechOS Raises $60 Million to Advance Digital Transformation (PYMNTS, 4/20/2021) FintechOS, led by CEO Teo Blidarus, raised $60 MM in Series B funding to expand its core systems capabilities for banking and insurance.
- Canadian Startup Clearbanc Raises Capital at Nearly $2 Bln Valuation (Reuters, 4/20/2021) Clearbanc, led by CEO Andrew D’Souza, raised $350 MM in a funding round and announced that it will rebrand itself as Clearco.
- PayPal’s Venmo Launches Crypto Buying and Selling (Reuters, 4/20/2021) FinTechs may need to enable crypto trading to close the gap with PayPal and Square
- Apple Introduces Apple Card Family, Enabling People to Share Apple Card and Build credit together (Apple.com, 4/20/2021) Apple Card Family allows two people to share and merge their credit lines while building credit together through one Apple Card.
- Affirm to Purchase Returnly in $300 Million Deal (MarketWatch, 4/21/2021) Affirm bolsters its merchant coverage by acquiring Returnly.
- MANTL Raises a $40M Series B Led by CapitalG, Alphabet’s Independent Growth Fund (FinLedger, 4/20/2021) MANTL, led by CEO Nathaniel Harley, raised $40 MM in series B funding.
- Cryptocurrency Giant Binance.US Hires Former Top Bank Regulator (WSJ, 4/20/2021) Former acting head of the OCC Brian Brooks, will be CEO of Binance, which is one of the world’s largest bitcoin exchanges.
- Schwab Says It Needs Regulatory Clarity on Crypto Before any Offerings. (Reuters, 4/23/2021) Schwab is waiting for regulators to give more guidance around the digital currencies before considering offering crypto capabilities.
- NASA Mars Helicopter’s Second Flight is a Success (NY Times,) Ingenuity reached 16 ft high for 59 seconds during its second flight on the red planet.